In criminology, trait theories assert that crime has biological and psychological roots, where certain traits predispose individuals to crime. The assumption is that these traits determine how individuals cope with events in their worlds and how they predispose them to crime. In the 1900s Cesare Lombrosoro theorized that some shared physical traits that can be traced back to our primitive ancestors are shared by criminals. Trait theories have become popular for explaining criminal behavior as it became evident that some individual characteristics are over-represented in some criminal populations compared to others. For instance, impulsive, aggressive, and daring personalities are more likely to commit crimes compared to sensitive, cautious people who delay gratification.
Hans Eysenck’s theory that linked personality types to criminal behavior gained popularity as a means of understanding ‘what makes a criminal.’ Considering that crime is a product of psychology, biology, and sociological factors created new approaches for scholars in understanding individual delinquent tendencies. For example, sociologically, a failure to complete high school and poverty can be linked to psychological traits such as lack of remorse or self-control as the basis of crime. Nonetheless, trait theories are still considered controversial as they perceive some individuals/offenders as incapable of alternative reasoning and lacking the ability to control their impulses.
At Unemployed Tutors, our writers believe that trait theories can provide insight into criminal behavior but under a careful lens that is not susceptible to bias. While early scholars like Cesare Lombroso considered distinct characteristics such as the nose, teeth, or jawline to be shared among offenders, we believe that psychological and sociological aspects require attention too. Unemployed Tutors will help you develop carefully thought out argumentative essays and research papers on trait theories that match scholarly standards. Trust the experts at Unemployed Tutors to help you submit perfect papers now!
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